Hazardous cargoes include substances that can harm human health and life, the environment. These are flammable and explosive, toxic substances, for which special requirements are imposed on the storage and transportation of which. International carriage of dangerous goods is carried out in accordance with the rules established by special conventions and intergovernmental agreements.
Classification of dangerous goods
Hazardous substances include substances that:
- can harm the health and lives of people and animals;
- pollute the environment;
- as a result of fire, leakage or explosion can lead to ecological disaster of different scale.
The classification of such substances is contained in the European Agreement on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (European Agreement on Transport of Dangerous Goods on Road). It has more than 3,000 types of cargo divided into 9 classes. The list includes: acids and alkalis, various types of fuel, chemical fertilizers and toxic chemicals, paints and varnishes, some types of batteries, etc. The ADR contains not only the classification, but also the requirements for the packing of the cargo, the mode of transport for the carriage and the conditions of transportation of dangerous goods.
According to the ADR, all dangerous goods and substances are divided into 9 classes. In total there are more than 3,000 species. These are alkalis, acids, chemical fertilizers, toxic chemicals, some types of paints, varnishes, certain types of batteries and much more. In addition to the classification, the conditions for packaging and transport of dangerous goods are specified in the ADR.
Features of the transport of dangerous goods
The main share in the segment of international transport of dangerous goods is accounted for by land modes of transport - road and rail. In countries located on other continents, the delivery of goods is most often carried out by the multimodal method of transportation - by combining sea freight with land.
The most important moment in the organization of the transport of dangerous goods is that the transport organization has special permits. Drivers of vehicles transporting dangerous goods undergo special training and receive a certificate - ADR. Failure to comply with the requirements for the transport of dangerous goods entails heavy fines.
For transportation only specialized transport is involved. The main requirement is that it must be equipped in accordance with international transport regulations. The hazard class is indicated in the labeling of the cargo. All operations related to loading and unloading, transportation are carried out only by trained specialists. In the case of international carriage of dangerous goods, it is necessary to obtain a permit from the countries through which they will move.
In order to ensure the safety of transportation logistics company Express Logistics organizes:
- careful selection of a vehicle that ensures complete safety for people and the environment during transportation;
- preparation of permits and accompanying documentation for the goods;
- preparation and execution of customs documents;
- developing a plan for loading hazardous substances and items and ensuring safety during loading and unloading operations.
Experienced specialists of the logistics company for each client develop the best route for transportation in order to reduce transportation costs and ensure safety during the journey. The customer can track the location of the goods and monitor each stage of transportation.