Each line sets its own terms and conditions of freight. The carriage of goods requires careful calculation of all terms of his stay on the vessel and in the port from the moment of unloading. At the slightest violation of these parameters by the terminal or line, a weighty penalty for violation of the order is issued. In this case, the carrier will be faced with such concepts as demerdzh and detenshn. These terms are often the cause of confusion, since not many people understand the difference between them. Moreover, inexperienced companies are not at all familiar with such concepts, as a result of which they are forced to pay heavy fines and suffer from damaged reputation.
What is demurrage?
Demerdzh - is a penalty, a penalty, expressed in monetary terms. This term is actively used in maritime freight and means a financial payment by a carrier for a simple vessel for overtime. At the same time, additional waiting time can be set by prior agreement of both parties. If it was not concluded, then the standard terms and rates adopted in a particular port are applied.
Counterstrike time is considered to be:
- Officially established holidays.
- The time declared non-working in the port (regardless of the reason).
- Loading break caused by weather conditions (strong gusts of wind, storm, thunderstorm). It is necessary to ensure the integrity of the existing cargo, as well as to create safe loading conditions.
Counterstrike time is not a period during which loading operations were not carried out for reasons dependent on the carrier or the transport company.
What is detenshn?
Cargo shipping is a concept that simultaneously has two meanings. The first one means the time period for the use of packaging by the owner of the product being transferred beyond the port limits: from the moment the goods are shipped from the port terminal to emptying and returning. The shipping lines provide the owners of freight containers with a certain time (usually a few days) during which they must deliver the goods to the customer (by any available means of transport) and return the empty terminal back. Violation of this deadline is called Detention. For exceeding the allotted time, a fine is issued in monetary terms. The payment of the penalty station is made by the carrier or the recipient (depending on the previously signed contract).
By and large, demerdzh and detenshn in container transport - this is a penalty for the operation of port equipment (containers) over a period that is negotiated in advance and set by a particular sea carrier. The main distinguishing feature between these concepts is the size of the collected fine and the duration of the period during which you can freely stay in the port area or use containers outside of it. It is also important to understand that Demurrage refers to the load, and Detention - to the equipment (that is, to the containers themselves).
Each sea line establishes individual taxes and terms, so the international transport company "Express Logistics" gets acquainted with these data in advance and select the most optimal option, thanks to which the freight transportation ends with timely receipt of goods without additional cash payments. In addition to the usual demerdzh and detenshna there is a free period, which is set directly by the company that organizes the sea shipping. The principle of such penalties applies in cooperation with both shipping lines and other carriers.
For many years, the "Express Logistics" transport company has been successfully implementing international cargo transportation. Our clients include both small organizations and huge corporations that successfully operate in the domestic market. We deliver cargo from anywhere in the world using modern equipment and several types of vehicles. The high level of professionalism and responsible approach to each order allow us to avoid the occurrence of abnormal situations or problems throughout the transportation. Our employees independently prepare supporting documentation that complies with all legal aspects, due to which cargo containers pass customs clearance as quickly as possible. We contact ports in advance, therefore, we are always aware of local rules, which allows us to prevent unnecessary financial expenses and paying fines.